All the people have food security when they have economical, physical, and social access to food that is nutritious, safe, and very sufficient to meet their need related to diet. It should be preferred for a healthy and active life. In this article, we will talk about the important elements of food security and its significance.
Elements of Food Security
Let’s discuss the elements of food security first. Food security has four elements that are linked to each other. These elements are
It is related to the supply and trade of food. The quality as well as its quantity and diversity are also included in it. Ensure proper and full availability of food a perfect farming system is required. The natural resources should be fully utilized and managed. More enhanced policies should be adapted to increases productivity.
This element includes the physical and economical access of food. When we talk about improved access then it means that smallholders should have a proper market access and they are able to make more cash to buy crops and livestock.
In this element the personal health of the person is considered and how his body is utilizing all the nutrients of food. The nutrition status of a person depends on many factors like their health, cooking method, the distribution of food in family, and the diversity of diet.
It is the most important element means you have food security all the time. It can be short-lived because of many reasons like change in the job, a bad session, increase in the price of food, and conflicts. Poor people suffer a lot when there is an increase in price because they are spending a major portion of their income on food.
Significance of Food Security
Food security is important because it is the basic human right. As per a world survey report, every one person in nine people goes hunger on daily basis. It is the need of the time to make great efforts to eliminate hunger. Since 1990 the number of hunger people in 209 million which is reducing continuously. Most of the countries are making outclass efforts to increase food security through Millennium Development Goals (MDG).
There are conflicts and natural disasters that are the main reason to trap people in hunger. Most of the effort is required to eliminate hidden hunger. It means when there is a deficiency of micronutrients in the body like iron, Zinc, and Vitamin. It is more dangerous for children if they don’t get micronutrients in early 1000 days of their life as it can be poor health and Low Productivity. Death can be caused it there is no food security.
Improving Food Security
Food security can be improved and increased by increasing GDP of the country. Making the agriculture system effective is also a good way to reduce poverty. If the agriculture yield is increased to 1% then it means that the number of people who live below USD 1 can be reduced to 1.2%. It is surely a great effort.